Abstract- Rosana Horio Monteiro
(full paper) http://hdl.handle.net/10002/433
Art and Science Playing on the Margins. On the discovery of photography in the 19th century Brazil.
investigation reported here examines the relationship between art and
science around the discovery of photography. It concerns an original photographic
process developed in Brazil during the 19th century by Frenchman Hercule
Florence. This process was produced in 1833 independently and simultaneously
to other processes developed with the same aim elsewhere such as the daguerreotype
in France and the calotype in England. New ideas to solve a common ‘problem’
are often reported in science and technology by two or more researchers
at the same time. Such events are known as multiple discoveries or, simply,
multiples. Photography is studied in this work as a particular case of
multiple, similarly to many other scientific discoveries and technological
innovations. Based on a detailed reconstruction of Florence’s process,
our aim is to find out the factors that shaped this process and made it
possible inside (and despite) the local peripheral circumstances.